Facts:Computer

CPU

  • CPU – Central Processing Unit is not a big bulky box. It is a micro chip i.e. microprocessor.
  • All the devices like mobile phones, laptop, smartwatch, calculator, desktop, tabs are having a CPU.
  • Wikipedia of CPU
  • Types by Generation-
    • Transistors
    • Semicondoctrs(Small Scale)
    • Large Scale
    • Microprocessors(Latest)
  • Three main CPU cycle stages
    • Fetch
    • Decode
    • Execute
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SSC CGL Best Books

For Practice

  • Kiran Publication’s  Previous Year question Papers.
  • Kiran Publication’s Question Banks for Maths and English.
  • Ghatna Chakra for General Studies.
  • RS Agrawal for Reasoning.

For Concept Building

  • Wren and Martin-High School Grammar
  • English- From Plinth to Paramount
  • Quicker Maths  of BSC Publication – M.Tyra and K Kundan
  • RS Agrawal for Reasoning

Best Coaching For SSC- CGL

  • None other than Paramount

 

Busy………….

I will be back soon friends. Very busy schedule. Elongated working hours, that’s why no time to think or even you can say mind is full of stress and workload .

 

Revolt of 1857

Background

The first well known mass event of Indian History was the #Rvolt1857. At the evening of 10th may , the sepoy in Merut started a mission for Delhi and next morning in Delhi they accompanied with the pedestrians . After killing the European officers , rebels nominated Bahadur Shah Jafar, the Emperor of Hindustan. Over  the country , every where rebellions accepted Moughal Emperor as their king.

In Gwaliar an army of 20,000 soldiers along with Tantia Tope and Rani Laxmibai , leave the palace and announce the revolt.Peasants , labourers , workers, weaver, cottage Industry Workers accumulated and came along with support of these soldiers. It was a mass participation of lower and working class, which was highly discontented with the behavior of Money lenders and landlords. They show their wrath against the upper class. Britishers set fire to many villages and hanged the people from branches of tree at chaurahas and in markets.

Main Centers and their leaders of Revolt

  1. Delhi – Bahadur Shah Jafar
  2. Kanpur-Nana Saheb
  3. Baraily-Bakht Khan
  4. Lucknow-Begum Hazarat Mahal
  5. Jhansi-Rani Laxmi Bai
  6. Aara(Bihar)-Kunwar Singh
  7. Faizabad-Maulavi Ahmadullah

Reason behind the Revolt

In 1857 this revolt occurred in north and central part of India and uprooted the colonial structures. The reason behind the revolt were-

  • Policies of East India company and behavior of its officers gave birth to a highly discontented group of people. The main reason of this sever feeling was the economical and social exploitation of people and the devastation of the traditional social structures. Both of these reasons accumulate the peasants , laborers, cottage industry workers and daily workers were running with hunger and poverty.
  • Exploitation by the officers at lower level of #Rayots and #Jamidars give reason to them stand against British. Misusing the complex processes of Justice and court the rich people used to exploit the poor people in debt. Increasing rate of poverty and hunger increase the discontentment and erases the hope and they accompanied by the rebels to show their wrath.
  • End of princely states created a group of unemployed people who were on highly designated post in these states. Now these people were struggling for their livelihood and employment. The rulers of these states were found of arts, music, painting,poetry,dances and literature and that’s why they did respect to artists, poets, writers, musicians,painters. But as soon as the british rule override these states the expel out the artist class from society and the became jobless and worthless. Their sentiments and religious values were hurt by the Britishers .The monks and religious experts started to preach the people that the East India company ant their employee are palying with their sentiments and values.
  • British were always alien for Indian. They never had a sympathy with residence of India. Their main goal was to collection of wealth and economical exploitation and to boom their trade.  They were never part of the contemporary society and class. They always try to prove the people that they are masters and Indians are the slaves.
  • Doctrine of Lapse of Dalahugie ruined many states in the subcontinent. There were 75000 thousands soldiers in East India Company from Awadh only and when Awadh was acquired by East India Company the soul of these people hurt and their patriotism and sentiments came out as revolt. The excuse of Bad governance  was exposed soon and people were imposed with high revenue and tax rate. The doctrine of Lapse gave birth to many Dangerous Enemy against the EIC as Rani Laxmi Bai, Tantia tope,Nana Saheb, Bahadur Shah, Hazarat Mahal etc.
  • In 1855-56 the Santhal tribes of Bihar and Bengal expelled away the britishers with the help of their traditional weapons and bow-arraow like tools. This incident declared the power of revolt.
  • 1849, a statement was announced that the Moughals after Bahadur Shah will not accommodate in The Lal Quila, instead they will have to live in a small space near Qutub Minar.

 

GST Goods and Service Tax

GST: Goods and Service Tax.

GST will be a only indirect tax inside the country to remove the cascading effect of various tax imposed on Goods and Services. It will replace all the manufacturing, VAT, service,sale and all the Indirect taxes levied by Central and State Government . In brief there are many taxes that are simultaneously imposed by State and Central Government hence it produces the Cascading effect that is tax on tax. This Cascading Tax regime put a burden and negativity in the sense of Taxation in India. These all problem will be replaced by GST. GST will be the only Tax and hence it will attract the tax payers and increase the numbers of contributors. But remember many of the items are not included in GST as Petroleum , Liquor etc. State government will charge the tax accordingly. But over all impact of GST will be an Increase in Annual Tax collection.

Capitalism V/s Socialism

Capitalism has guided the world economy to unprecedented prosperity. However, it often encourage short-sightedness and contribute to wide-disparities between the rich and the poor. In this light, would it be correct to believe and adopt capitalism for bringing inclusive growth in India? Discuss (200 words).

Capitalism is a market economy where the decisions pertaining to production and distribution are taken by market factors as demand and supply. There is no role of state. The regulation by private owners is to drive for maximum profit with high efficiency. In such mechanism almost the things are under control with private players and lead an undimentional move of wealth away from the weaker and vulnerable. The capitalism concentrated on industrial growth, high production but the distribution pattern is ignored and is random.

The flaws of capitalism however can’t be denied but capitalism has also proved an effective method of creating wealth and prosperity. Instead of dismissing the capitalism itself it should be implemented with some step to counter its demerits.            Opportunities foster by capitalism must reach all the people to ensure the equity and inclusiveness. While capitalism doesn’t concern itself with the social justice, equity state should encourage capitalism in economy to a limited extent and should ensure the distribution of wealth in a decentralized manner. In 1991 crisis Indian state allow capitalism in economy at limited extent, liberalized the rules and hence a rapid economic growth counted.

 Hence a clear picture of mixed economy come to floor that suits the Indian trades and market. We cannot ensure that capitalism alone can make Indian society prosperous and equal.

Economy of India during 19th century

Starvation, Poverty, Calamities

The Defeat of Bengal developed a platform for English to rule over Indian climate,industry,agriculture, education and each and every aspect of life. These incidents lead the company to establish a business environment in Indian market. The main Industries at the time were Handlooms, lather, Agriculture and small scale Industries likewise. India was the cluster of cotton industry at that time. Cotton and yarn Industry was giving people the livelihood. Now a time came when technology replacing the man forces in Industries. The weavers were to pass hunger nights. People preferred English articles and products to Indian Handmade articles. Continuously the Company overtook the Indian market in its control. The raw material exported to Britain and the consumer goods Imported. The Imported consumer goods usually available at a higher cost than those were of Indian. People are compelled to buy these articles. This was enriching and empowering the company and making India poorer day by day.

The condition of farmers was worse than anyone else. The taxation was so complicated and the rates were higher than they (farmers) could not afford. The Jamindars(Landlords), the saudagars(Businessmen) and the Soodkhors(The person who lends money at very high rate) were sucking the bloods of farmers. Even they had to pay the Lagaan(Tax for agricultural product) if they lose their crop in natural calamities or in drought. So were compelled to sell their Lands to Jamindars or to rich Farmers. The bigger part of population were passing hunger nights and struggling with starvation. At the same time period when all the developed countries of today were growing and implementing Machinery, technologies. Indian farmers are using hand-made cultivator of wood. They used their animals to pull the hand-made agricultural tools. There were no canals and tube-wells for irrigation. The main sources of irrigation were wells and rains. The farmers were totally depended on Monsoon and climate. The dependency of population on agriculture was increasing. The rising of the fiscals and poverty of farmers resulted into very low production.

The level of poverty was on its peak. Early in the 7th decade of 19th century in west Uttar Pradesh over two lakh people died due to Starvation. After 4 to five year later in Orissa, Bengal, Bihar, and Madras over 20 lakh people died out of of which 10 lakh people died only in Orissa. At the end of the decade   again 14 lakh people died in Uttar Pradesh,Mumbai, Masore and Panjab. In the next decades the most devastating drought occurred in Madras, Hyderabad, Maharashtra, Uttarpradesh, and in Panjab. 8 lakh peple died in Maharashtra. 35 lakh people died in Madras and the 20 percent population of Masore died.  In up 12 lakh people died due to drought and starvarion.

At the end of century 10 billions of people affected from starvation and drought out of which 45 lakh people died. According to a British Writer William Digbi total 2,88,25000 people died.

According to Charles Illiate-“Half of the population din’t know what is a complete diet”.

[Source of this article is Vipin Chandra’s History of Modern India.]

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